President Sarkozy has announced France's support for a ban on international trade of bluefin tuna. Monaco and the UK have supported France's position.

The backing of two major EU countries for a ban on the international bluefin tuna trade has instantly given weight and momentum to the campaign by Monaco to have the bluefin listed under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) next year.

Despite growing pressure from the UNFCCC and a strong push by the International Maritime Organisation’s Secretary General, the IMO has made little progress this week on developing measures to reduce GHG emissions from shipping.

A two-year work plan (see below) to develop "Market-Based Instruments" - either a fuel levy or an Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) - was watered down, after pressure from China, Saudi Arabia and South Africa, and European supporters of the scheme showed little appetite to fight for a more ambitious plan.

Twelve years after the Kyoto Protocol handed responsibility to IMO to address emissions from international shipping, the Organisation still has not adopted one single binding measure to do so. Global measures to reduce emissions, in the form of a levy or an ETS, have now been identified, but any decision to adopt either process will not be taken before 2012 at the earliest and could take a further 5-10 years to enter into force, so in practice it could be 2020 before the measure takes effect. By that time, shipping’s share of CO2 , if left unchecked, will have potentially doubled and could represent up to 6% of global CO2 emissions.

The meeting saw the conclusion of several years’ work on developing energy efficiency indices for the design of new vessels and the operation of existing ones, which could be used as very effective tools to make shipping more energy efficient. However, so far the IMO only intends to use these indices in voluntary trials. Any discussion this week of whether to make the measures mandatory was ruled out even before the meeting started.

This raises serious questions as to whether the Copenhagen process should reconfirm the IMO’s responsibility for shipping-related climate issues, and the organisation’s continued anchor-dragging also highlights the need for the EU to progress its own work on a regional European shipping scheme, similar to its policy on aviation.


A meeting in London this week will be the last chance for the IMO to agree on GHG emission mitigation ahead of the crucial UN climate conference in Copenhagen in December.

In the 12 years since the Kyoto protocol was established, the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) has not enacted a single measure to tackle climate change from international shipping.

The world’s seas are gradually filling with an increasing volume of waste, with plastic making up the single largest part of pollution in the marine environment.

According to a new report authored by the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) and the Washington-based advocacy group The Ocean Conservancy, cited by Deutsche Presse-Agentur (dpa), Plastic accounts for up to 80 percent of marine waste pollution in some waters, according to the report which was published in Washington and Nairobi to mark World Oceans Day on June 8.

The Pew Environment Group and EU Transparency launched, a new website dedicated to presenting data on fishing subsidies between 1994 and 2006.

This means both the public and those working in EU institutions can see for themselves who has been receiving EU subsidies.

The OSPAR Commission’s annual meeting in Brussels on 22-25 June did not adopt the Charlie Gibbs Marine Protected Area, despite an earlier agreement by all Contracting Parties to do so.

Overfishing and other human activities are encouraging giant jellyfish to prosper and take over parts of the sea.

Jellyfish are normally kept in check by fish, which eat small jellyfish and compete for jellyfish food such as zooplankton, researchers said. But, with overfishing, jellyfish numbers are increasing.

The Spring Alliance is a movement created by three civil society organisations, the European Environmental Bureau, the European Trade Union Confederation and Social Platform, later also joined by Concord. Although formed and steered by these four organisations, the alliance is supported by a large network of organisations.

According to a new investigation of the greenhouse gas’s role in ice ages over the millennia, Carbon dioxide in the earth’s atmosphere has risen to its highest level in at least 2.1 million years.

The famous oceanographer Sylvia Earle has won the 2009 TED prize for her inspirational work at the frontier of deep ocean exploration for four decades.Earle has led more than 50 expeditions worldwide involving more than 6,000 hours underwater. As captain of the first all-female team to live underwater, she and her fellow scientists received a ticker-tape parade and White House reception upon their return to the surface. In 1979, Sylvia Earle walked untethered on the sea floor at a lower depth than any other woman before or since.