International shipping emissions are a substantial and fast-growing source of emissions. They were left out of the Kyoto Protocol because Parties were unable to agree a methodology for allocating emissions to individual countries.
International shipping emissions are a substantial and fast-growing source of emissions. They were left out of the Kyoto Protocol because Parties were unable to agree a methodology for allocating emissions to individual countries. Since the debate on allocation remains unresolved, environmental NGOs including Seas At Risk believe the most promising method for including these emissions is to pursue a co-operative sectoral approach, with Parties collaborating to reduce emissions that occur in international space.

There are a number of advantages to such an approach:
• Greater environmental effectiveness of global sectoral policies, due to increased coverage of emissions and reduced possibility of carbon leakage;
• The potential to raise substantial revenues for financing climate work under UNFCCC;
• Removal of the need to resolve the question of how to allocate emissions to Parties. An unresolved debate on this at UNFCCC has stalled progress for 15 years.

For more on the joint-NGO position see the Climate Action Network (CAN) position paper on emissions from shipping & aviation below.

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