This paper will first summarise main noise sources and their impacts on the marine environment, then  then identify shortcomings in current underwater noise regulation and mitigation, and finally recommend ways to more effectively implement current legislation in order to apply concrete measures to protect our oceans from excessive noise.

Recommendations focus on:

  • using risk maps and noise budgets to address cumulative noise impacts, setting noise thresholds immediately,
  • preventing any widespread increase in noise, particularly by reducing and preventing noise at source,
  • managing noise at the ecosystem level through spatio-temporal measures, and regional and interregional coordination and collaboration.


ocean noise 2021 02 17


 Screenshot 2021 02 17 141744


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