The Secretary General of the International Maritime Organisation last week described the impacts of climate change as an “Orwellian” prospect, but failed to convince developing nations of the need for IMO action on greenhouse gas emissions from ships.

Good Environmental Status (GES) is the key concept of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive. By 2020, Member States must take the necessary measures to achieve or maintain GES in their marine waters. The Directive foresees 11 descriptors of GES, with which Member States will have to comply.

Seas At Risk has been involved in the negotiation of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) since the beginning. With its entry into force, SAR's efforts have shifted to its implementation process.

It is generally acknowledged in the academic and NGO world that small-scale fisheries are for the most part more sustainable than industrial-scale fisheries; unfortunately they have been forgotten and their potential ignored as policy-makers have struggled to make industrial fisheries more sustainable.

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