01 May 2021

Seas At Risk's new report exposes the role played by the EU, its Member States, the UK and Norway in this final mining frontier and provides a comprehensive analysis of their existing policies on deep-sea mining. It makes the case for the EU and Member States to prohibit deep-sea mining in European waters and to push for a global moratorium, putting forward 10 steps for Europe to support deep-sea protection - from setting binding targets for the reduction of the EU’s material footprint and banning the import of goods and raw materials containing deep-sea minerals, to reforming the International Seabed Authority for greater accountability and shaping strong EU and national commitments to protect the deep sea.


28 January 2020

More than 100 environmental organisations, led by Seas At Risk, BirdLife Europe, ClientEarth, Oceana, Surfrider Foundation Europe and WWF launched the “Blue Manifesto”. The rescue plan lays out concrete actions which must be delivered by set dates in order to turn the tide on the ever-degraded and polluted ocean and coastlines. To be successful, change is needed on both land and sea. The NGOs call for: At least 30% of the ocean to be highly or fully protected by 2030, Shift to low-impact fishing; Securing a pollution-free ocean; Planning of human activities that support the restoration of thriving marine ecosystems. 

Press Release available in EN, FR, ES, IT, PT, DE, HR, BG

Blue Manifesto vertical version

Blue Manifesto horizontal version



Full list of organisations signing the Manifesto: A Rocha (International Marine and Coastal Conservation Programme); Animal latitude; APECE - Portuguese Association for the Study and Conservation of Elasmobranchs; Archipelagos Institute of Marine Conservation; ASOC - Antarctic and Southern Ocean Coalition; Asociacion plataforma"El Chorlitejo"; BIOM association; BirdLfie Sverige; BirdLife Cyprus; Birdlife Europe and Central Asia; BirdLife Malta; BirdLife Suomi; Birdwatch Ireland; Bloom; Brot für die Welt; BUND - Bund für Umwelt und Naturschutz Deutschland; By the Ocean We Unite; Climate Action Network Europe; CCB - Coalition Clean Baltic; CFFA-CAPE; ClientEarth; Compassion in World Farming; Cork Env Forum; Cork nature network; Deep Sea Conservation Coalition; Deep wave; DEPANA; DN - Danmarks Naturfredningsforening; DSM - Deutsche Stiftung Meeresschutz; ; DUH - Deutsche Umwelthilfe; Ecologistas En Accion; Ecos; EEB - European Environmental Bureau; ENT Foundation; Environmental Justice Foundation; FANC - Finnish Association for Nature Conservation; France Nature Environnement; Friends of the Black Sea; Friends of the Earth Europe; Fundajia Aquarium; Geota; Good fish foundation; Greenpeace; HOS - Hellenic Ornithological Society; IFAW - International Fund for Animal Welfare Europe; INCA - Iceland Nature Conservation Association; International Programme on the State of the Ocean; Irish Sea Sanctuary; Irish Wildlife Trust; Legambiante; Living Sea; LOB - Latvian Ornithological Society; LOD - Lithuanian Ornithological Society; LPN - Liga para a Protecção da Natureza; LPO - Ligue pour la Protection des Oiseaux; MARE Foundation; Mare Nostrum; Marevivo; MCS - Marine Conservation Society; MedReact; MedSOS; MEER; MIO-ECSDE - Mediterranean Information Office for Environment, Culture and Sustainable Development; Mundus Maris; NABU - Nature and Biodiversity Conservation Union; Natuurpunt; New Economics Foundation; Ocean and Climate Platform; Oceana; OceanCare; Oceanografica; OMA - Observatório do Mar dos Açores; Otop - Ogólnopolskie Towarzystwo Ochrony Ptaków; Our Fish; PongPesca; Poseidonia green project; Project Aware; Prowildlife; Quercus; ReefCheck; Rethink Plastic Alliance; Retorna; RSPB - Royal Society for the Protection of Birds; SAR - Seas At Risk; Sciaena; SDN - Stichting de Nordzee; Sea First; SEO - Sociedad Española de Ornitología; Slowfood Germany; SMILO - Small Islands Organisation; SPEA - Sociedade Portuguesa para o Estudo das Aves; SSNC - Swedish Society for Nature Conservation; Sunce; Surfrider; SWAN - Sustainable Water Network; T&E - Transport and Environment; TNC - The Nature Conservancy; Tour des deux Amériques solidaire en voilier; Under the pole; WDC - Whale and Dolphin Conservation; WWF; Zero Waste Europe.

20 November 2019

These are our priority actions for the European Commission work programme 2019 - 2024. This report was prepared by Seas At Risk and is backed by our 32 member organisations. The goal of this paper is to highlight our blue vision and how to work constructively with the European Commission to deliver the protection that our oceans urgently require. 




05 September 2018

A coalition of 15 German environmental, development and human rights NGOs, including Seas At Risk member BUND, issued a position paper ‘Stop the exploitation of the deep sea!’, in which they demand the Federal Government reverse its political position and move decisively away from the depletion of the deep sea.

The German government supports a number of industry and research initiatives, both politically and financially, that significantly promote deep sea mining. These include sponsorship of two exploration contracts with the International Seabed Authority (ISA), for contracts held by the Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources of Germany, one for nodules in the Clarion-Clipperton Zone in the Pacific Ocean and another for polymetallic sulphides in the Central Indian Ocean.

The NGOs, all of which are members of the German NGO Working Group on Deep Sea Mining, are calling for a substantial rethink and change in policy-making. The group highlights the severe environmental risks of deep sea mining and warns the government of its impact on the lives of coastal inhabitants. They are particularly concerned about the Pacific region, where extraction is likely to start, and where much of the population relies on subsistence fisheries and tourism and is thus heavily dependent on a normally functioning environment.

The NGOs demand that the German government suspend its exploration licences, exclude deep sea mining from future promotion of foreign trade and investment, take action at EU level to ensure no further support for future research funding programmes for deep sea mining in the Pacific region, and undertake stronger action for designating marine conservation areas.

This is another important step in the growing global resistance of NGOs to deep sea mining. It follows July’s action by Seas At Risk, together with Greenpeace, in leading a world-wide coalition of 50 NGOs demanding that the international community invest fully in sustainable consumption and production instead of venturing into deep sea mining.

The position paper in German is available here.

26 June 2018

Since 2013, Belgium has been sponsoring a deep-sea mining exploration contract in the Central Pacific Ocean.  The concerned area is about 77,000 km2, i.e. 2.5 times the size of the country. In this policy briefing, Seas At Risk, WWF Belgium and Bond Beter Leefmilieu call on the Belgian government to reconsider the need for deep sea mining in light of the sustainable development goals, and to put the bar for environmental protection at the highest level. In Dutch.

27 April 2018

Seas At Risk together with 45+ NGOs world-wide call on the International Seabed Authority to provide the space for a fundamental and democratic reflection about the need (or not) for deep seabed mining and its long term sustainability implications.

22 December 2017

Submission by Seas At Risk to the International Seabed Authority in occasion of the consultation of the draft regulations on exploitation of mineral resources in the Area. In this submission, Seas At Risk raises some fundamental questions about  the need to have a fundamental and democratic reflection about the actual need (or not) for deep seabed mining and its long term sustainability implications, the governance flaws within the International Seabed Authority and the application of the precautionary principle. 


02 November 2017

In October 2017, Seas At Risk together with its Portuguese members organised a conference on ‘Deep sea mining – A sustainable choice for Portugal?’, which was attended by over 100 participants, including Portuguese and Azorean government representatives, NGOs and scientists. The conference also marked the launch of Oceano Livre, a coalition of Portuguese NGOs against deep sea mining.

Oceano Livre brings together a number of groups: the Group of Spatial Planning and Environmental Studies (GEOTA); the League for Nature Protection (LPN); Quercus, the National Association for Nature Conservation; and Sciaena, the Marine Sciences and Cooperation Association. The conference took place in the spectacular setting of the Lisbon Oceanarium and was supported by Seas at Risk.

For some time, the Portuguese government has been considering an application by the Canadian company Nautilus for deep sea mining exploration and exploitation in Azorean waters, on the Portuguese extended continental shelf. Oceano Livre is the response of Portuguese NGOs, and is intended to raise public awareness of the potential implications of deep sea mining. The absence of any real debate on the issue to date points to a clear need for more critical assessment and discussion of sustainable alternatives to mining.

At the conference, several experts presented current research on the potential environmental impacts of deep sea mining, highlighting the risk of irreversible biodiversity loss and impacts from plumes, noise and light pollution. Gaps in governance and regulatory frameworks at both national and international level were outlined, and the future demand for minerals was discussed in the context of the ongoing transition to sustainable consumption and production systems. These insights framed a lively and engaged audience debate about the Portuguese/ Azorean case, indicating the depth of interest in the topic.

Oceano Livre’s position is clear: neither Portugal nor the world need deep sea mining, particularly in view of the scale and range of its environmental impacts. The movement believes that effective application of the circular economy, changes in consumer habits, and new alternative technologies will be sufficient to remove the need for deep sea mining.

This conference represented a first step towards opening a long-overdue public debate on deep sea mining. Seas At Risk has since called on the representatives of national and regional governments present at the conference to take the lead in continuing this necessary social debate. In Portugal, the Ministry assured conference attendees that decisions will be made carefully and with due regard to all possible impacts and benefits. Oceano Livre will continue to observe the process closely.


29 September 2017

Ahead of the annual meeting of the International Seabed Authority, Seas at Risk member the MARE Foundation called on the Polish government to cease its sponsorship of deep-sea exploration in areas beyond its national jurisdiction. Poland, however, ignored this appeal, instead continuing with its application for a new deep-sea mineral exploration contract in an area that the UN Convention on Biodiversity has declared to be of special importance for the health of oceans. This new contract was approved by the International Seabed Authority on 10th August.

In a letter to the Polish government, the MARE Foundation urged Poland to re-examine its support for the further development of deep-sea mining, calling for a shift towards sustainable alternatives to deep-sea mining and investment in the circular economy. The Polish government had previously undertaken a deep-sea mining exploration contract with the International Seabed Authority. The 2016 expiry of that contract prompted the Ministry of the Environment to apply for a new exploration licence in an area within the hydrothermal vent fields along the Mid-Atlantic Ridge in the Atlantic Ocean.

Deep-sea mining poses a serious threat to global sustainability and the health of the marine ecosystem. Of considerable concern is the location of the new Polish exploration contract in what the UN Convention on Biodiversity has identified as an “Ecologically or Biologically Significant Area”, i.e. an area that gives essential support to the healthy functioning of oceans. Worryingly, the International Seabed Authority were unaware of the status of the area yet, despite having it subsequently drawn to their attention by NGOs, nonetheless proceeded to approve the contract, constituting an unprecedented breach of the precautionary principle.

In addition, the MARE Foundation began an online campaign to raise awareness among the Polish people of their government’s involvement in deep-sea mining. The campaign began with petitioning the Minister of the Environment to cease sponsorship and support for this activity, gathering 640 signatures in two weeks. Together with the Polish NGO, Institute of Global Responsibility, the MARE Foundation plans further public communication and awareness-raising activities to encourage the government to withdraw its support for deep-sea mining.

10 June 2017

Deep-sea mining has no place in a future shaped by the 2030 Agenda for sustainable development. At the Ocean Conference of the United Nations 2017, Seas At Risk, supported by its 34 members and Mission Blue, BLOOM, the Deep Sea Mining Campaign and Earthworks, called on the international community to stop deep sea mining in its tracks.



17 March 2017

Deep sea mining has no place in a future shaped by the 2030 Agenda for sustainable development. 

See the leaflet



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