Seas At Risk together with ClientEarth have released a legal toolkit with the aim to challenge the lack of management measures in Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) by EU Member States and their public authorities. The majority of MPAs in European waters exist as mere ‘paper parks’, areas officially designated for conservation, but which lack appropriate management plans compliant with EU law. This toolkit is designed to empower NGOs and local campaigners to take action, by providing factual and legal information as well as a series of case studies for practical guidance.